عنوان مقاله [English]
The Muslim Brotherhood as an Egyptian political-social movement established in 1928 by Hassan al-Blaana. Following the teachings of Hassan al-Banna, the Muslim Brotherhood sought to establish an Islamic state in Egypt. This movement, after years of struggle, despite the relative success of the 1980s and entering the Egyptian parliament, failed to achieve its goal of forming the Islamic state. The Egyptian Revolution (2011) was a good opportunity for the Brotherhood to fulfill its purpose, but failed. This study, using a descriptive-analytical method, seeks to find the possible reasons for the failure of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt. The failure of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt can be attributed to the poor performance of the Muslim Brotherhood and the structural factors in Egypt on the one hand and Interference of foreign powers on the other.
Our results indicated that the lack of spiritual leadership, the constitutional trap, the inability of the Morsi government to deliver its promises to the Egyptian people, the opposition alliance against the Brotherhood, the hostility of the army toward the revolutionaries, the disagreement with Al-Azhar, the opposition of the Egyptian judiciary against the revolution and the involvement of foreign agents were among Geopolitical factors that challenged the Muslim Brotherhood and led to their failure Egypt. Thus, after years of struggle, the Brotherhood questioned its ability to establish an Islamic and democratic government in Egypt that was to guarantee the interests of all people.