اقتصاد سیاسی طلا در شرایط متحول ژئواکونومیکی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار روابط بین الملل، دانشگاه گیلان، گیلان، ایران.

2 کارشناسی ارشد سیاست و روابط بین الملل، دانشگاه گیلان، گیلان، ایران

چکیده

از قرن 18 جهان غرب دستخوش تغییرات سیاسی و اقتصادی شده است. طلا در طی هزاران سال در دوره های متمادی از اهمیت اقتصادی برخوردار بوده و این ارزش اقتصادی بین المللی در قرن نوزدهم هنگامی که چندین کشور به طور رسمی استاندارد طلا را تصویب کردند به دست آمد. با گسترش جهانی شدن و در هم آمیختگی اقتصاد جهانی ، طلا اهمیت جدیدی برای اقتصاد و سرمایه گذاران پیدا کرده که با تبدیل شدن به یک پناهگاه امن در زمان بحران اقتصادی، قیمت آن نیز تحت تاثیر قرار گرفته است. این مقاله به بررسی توسعه طلا در نظام متحول جهانی از نظر سیاسی و اقتصادی می پردازد. اما نکته حائز اهمیت این است که طلا تا چه اندازه قابل اعتماد است؟ سرمایه گذاران تا چه میزان می توانند ارزش طلا را در مواقع بحران پیش بینی کنند و چه نوع بحران ها بر طلا تاثیر میگذارد؟ تعامل بازیکنان جهانی، دولت ها و سیاست هایشان، استراتژی های ارزی و سرمایه گذاران بزرگ خصوصی ، پیش بینی قیمت طلا را پیچیده تر کرده اند. در نتیجه نویسندگان در صددند تا میزان اعتبار طلا را واکاوی نموده و همچنین تاثیر عوامل اقتصادی و نظامی بر قیمت آن را با استفاده از منابع کتابخانه ای و به صورت توصیفی-تحلیلی ارزیابی نمایند. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Political Economy of Gold in Geo-Economic Evolving Conditions

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sajad Bahrami Moghadam 1
  • Niloufar Baghernia 2
1 Assistant Professor in International Relations, University of Guilan, Guilan, Iran
2 MA in International Relations, University of Guilan, Guilan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Since the 18th century, the western world has gone through political and economic alterations. Gold has been of economic importance over thousands of years in several civilisations. It gained international economic significance during the 19th century, when several countries officially adopted the Gold Standard. With the world becoming more intertwined, gold has found new importance for economies and investors alike. It has been a safe haven during a time of economic crisis which has been reflected on its price. This paper examines the development of gold in a changing global, political and economic environment. For investors it has become a safe haven during the crisis, but how reliable is gold? How far can investors predict gold’s worth in times of crisis and what kind of crises drives gold? The interplay of global players, governments, their policies, currency strategies and large private investors have complicated the predictability of the gold price. Hence, the present study is aimed to analyze the reliability of gold when countries are headed into crises as well as economic and political impacts on the gold price, using content and data analysis method based on library resources.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Bretton Woods
  • gold standard
  • Emerging markets
  • bullion
  • Inflation
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