عنوان مقاله [English]
The of Energy Strategic Ellipse Geoffrey Kemp, (1997), has a particular status in the field of political geography. This viewpoint indicates that recent discovery of fossil resources in the Caspian Sea, has had political-security aims when ever other experts consider it as one of the secret targets of the US in Greater Middle East Initiative, with the object of gaining possession of the new resources.
The main question in this research is whether or not one can utilize this viewpoint for the time being. In other words, has the discovery of the new resources in the Caspian Sea basin been the past predictions come true in recent years? Also has the US been able to acquire its economic aims of the energy resources in this region? This article targets to represent a clear portrait of the process of vicissitude in the discovery of the new energy resources in this area, which is the origin of many political-security changes.
This research has been carried out by using analytic-descriptive method, basined on the newest published statistics of the authorized centers and institutions about the amount of the energy resources in the Caspian Sea and Persian Gulf, compiled in the last decade. The result of the investigation illuminates that there is considerable difference between the preliminary performed estimates and the amount of the present established resources. As a result, in accordance with this viewpoint it is wrong to replace Caspian Sea Basin with Persian Gulf Basin. Also the so-called Energy Strategic Ellipse does not imply with the realities of the region, at least in the present circumstances.