عنوان مقاله [English]
Borders are spatial phenomena that define geographic boundaries of political entities or legal jurisdictions, such as governments and states. And thus under certain regulations prevent illegal transferred goods, animals or people. One of the important aspects of the international borders is the role and functions of different boundaries and more important than that is the knowledge of knowing various factors affecting them. Experts design different roles and functions for borders such as consolidation, struggle, communication, delimitation, separation, formation of political economies.
It seems that based on a new approach and a general attitude one can divide the most important border functions into two groups namely defensive-security and communication-commercial .On the other hand, geopolitical factors of different nature affect the role and function of the borders, including the cases can be as pointed out: among these one can name The political system of neighboring countries one two sides of the border, economic and social status of the border residents relative position of the country the type of strategic control over the region, kind of attitude and behavior of the states towards the border, reserves and natural resources in the border region. This article has tried to analyze the effectiveness geopolitical factors on the role and function of the International boundaries in relation to the Islamic Republic of Iran.