نقش سینما هالیوود در بازنمایی ژئوپلیتیک از خاورمیانه

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 هیئت علمی گروه جغرافیای انسانی و آمایش، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران ایران.

2 دانشجو کارشناسی‌ارشد، جغرافیای سیاسی، دانشگاه شهیدبهشتی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

در چند دهه اخیر، نقش‌آفرینی رسانه‌ها زمینه‌ساز به وجودآمدن یک گفتمان جدید به نام ژئوپلیتیک عامه‌پسند شده است که توانایی برقراری ارتباط میان افکار عمومی و سیاست‌های جغرافیایی را دارد. محققان در بستر ژئوپلیتیک عامه‌پسند به دنبال ارزیابی روش‌های بازنمایی پدیده‌های جغرافیایی و رخدادهای ژئوپلیتیک در رسانه‌هایی نظیر سینما هستند. این پژوهش با توجه به اهمیت مفهوم امر سیاسی به عنوان نوعی از گفتمان در ژئوپلیتیک عامه‌پسند و تأثیرآن بر افکار عمومی به دنبال آن است که با برگزیدن منطقه ژئوپلیتیک خاورمیانه به عنوان سوژه بازنمایی سینمای هالیوود به بررسی ساختارهایی بپردازد که با کمک ابزارهای امرسیاسی از جمله رمانتیسیسم سیاسی و الهیات سیاسی سعی در هدایت افکار عمومی و افزایش قدرت خود در این منطقه شود. در این چهارچوب آثار منتخب سینمایی که در دوره‌ی ریاست جمهوری جورج بوش و باراک اوباما در حدّ فاصل سال-های 2015-2000  ساخته شده است و برای این تحلیل برگزیده شده‌اند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Hollywood Cinema in Geopolitical Representation of the Middle East

نویسندگان [English]

  • Morteza Ghourchi 1
  • sepideh mosaviyan 2
1 Faculty member, Department of Human Geography and Planning, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
2 M.Sc. Student, Political Geography, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

In recent decades, the role-playing of the media has paved the way for the emergence of a new discourse named popular geopolitics that has the potential to link public opinion to geographical policies. Researchers in the context of popular geopolitics seek to evaluate methods of representing geographical phenomena and geopolitical events in media such as cinema. The current study, given the significance of The Concept of the Political as a kind of discourse in popular geopolitics and its impact on public opinion, seeks to choose the Middle East geopolitical region as the subject of the Hollywood cinema representation to examine the structures that try to guide public opinion and increase its power in the region with the help of The Political tools such as political romanticism and political theology. In this context, selected works of cinema made during the presidencies of George W. Bush and Barack Obama between 2000 and 2015 have been selected for this analysis.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Keywords: Popular Geopolitics
  • The Concept of the Political
  • Cinema
  • the Middle East
  • Representation
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