نقش تخیل‌پردازی جغرافیایی و بازنمایی ژئوپلیتیکی در تقسیم فضا به فضاهای ما و دیگری و خلق فضاهای ترس

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 PhD Graduated of Political Geography, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Department of Political Geography. Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Cinema. Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

4 Department of Community Health. Hamedan University of Medical Science, Hamedan, Iran

چکیده

زندگی انسان به علت احساس فضایی و احساس مکان با فضا عجین شده است. اگرچه وجود احساسات فضایی نقشی حیاتی در خلق فضا بازی می‍کند و به شیوه‌های مختلفی منعکس کننده حضور، سرنوشت، فرهنگ و احساسات در فضا و مکان است و به این ترتیب در اینجا به یاری انسان می‌آید، اما این مسئله در برخی موقعیت‌ها می‌تواند به ایجاد چالش‌هایی بیانجامد که در نگرش‌های متمایزکننده‌ای ریشه دارد که انسان را به دو گروه ما و دیگری تقسیم می‌کنند. در جغرافیای انسانی انتقادی و ژئوپلیتیک انتقادی، محققان مختلف عوامل متعددی را که در این تقسیم فضایی تاثیرگذار هستند فهرست کرده‌اند. یکی از این عوامل که نقش تعیین‌کننده‌ای در این فرآیند ایفا می‌نماید تخیل‌پردازی جغرافیایی است که دلایل شبه-منطقی را برای گروهی از افراد، کشورها و قدرت‌ها فراهم می‌کند تا گروه‌های اجتماعی، سیاسی، و قومی دیگر را از «ما» جدا کنند. این موضوع می‌تواند به تاثیرگذاری بر افراد بپردازد و آنان را تشویق نماید تا امور اشتباه را به افرادی نسبت دهند که تحت عنوان «دیگری» طبقه‌بندی شده‌اند و به این ترتیب فضاها و مکان‌های آنان را به عنوان مکان‌هایی خطرناک معرفی کنند. این نگرش فضایی، در نهایت موجب می-گردد تا برخی از فضاهای جغرافیایی با عنوان «فضاهای ترس» برچسب بخورند و به این ترتیب طیف متنوعی از مشکلات اجتماعی، اقتصادی، سیاسی، فضایی و محدودیت‌های فضایی برای افرادی به وجود می‌آید که به مثابه «دیگری» شناخته می‌شوند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Geographical Imagination and Geopolitical Representation in Dividing Space/Place into "our" and "their"

نویسندگان [English]

  • Yunes Rashidi 1
  • Zahra Ahmadypoor 2
  • Akbar Alemi 3
  • Moloud Bayat 4
1 PhD Graduated of Political Geography, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Department of Political Geography. Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Cinema. Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
4 Department of Community Health. Hamedan University of Medical Science, Hamedan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Human life is tied with space through spatial emotions and the sense of place. Although existence of spatial emotions plays a vital role in the creation of space and in some ways reflects the presence, tale, culture, and feeling in the place and space and in this way assists man in there, in some situations this issue can lead to some challenges which are rooted in discriminative approaches that divide humanity into "us" against "others". In the critical human geography and critical geopolitics, scholars mentioned numerous factors which are influential in this dividing. One of the main factors which plays a significant role in this process is "geographical imagination" which obtains semi-logical reasons for a group of individuals and some states and powers to exclude other social, political, and ethical groups from "us". This subject can influence people and encourage them to ascribe wrong facts to individuals who are categorized as "others" and misattribute their spaces and places as dangerous locations. This spatial approach, consequently can result in labeling some spaces as "spaces of fear" and through this generates a wide range of social, economical, political and spatial problems and restrictions for individuals who are considered as "others or them".

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Imagination
  • Representation
  • spatial emotions
  • spaces of fear
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