ژئوپلیتیک انرژی با تأکید بر توان گازی ایران برای تأمین امنیت گازی اروپا

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی گروه و قطب علمی جغرافیای سیاسی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

2 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیای سیاسی دانشگاه خوارزمی

چکیده

بـا توجه به موقعیت جغرافیایی پر اهمیت ایران "هند، چین و کشورهای اروپایی" بزرگترین بازار بالقوه گاز طبیعی ایران به شمار می‌آیند. تولید گاز ایران و میعانات تا آخر اسفند 97 به عدد تکان دهنده ۶.۵ میلیون بشکه رسید. دیر یا زود این گاز راهی اروپا می‌شود. اروپا از نظر تأمین گاز به روسیه وابسته است و هیچ کشور وارد کننده انرژی، وابستگی تا این سطح را نمی پذیرد. راهبرد امنیتی اروپا در دهه آینده که با صراحت در اسناد مرتبط با چشم انداز امنیتی این قاره آمده است کاستن از این سطح از وابستگی است. پژوهش حاضر در پی پاسخ به این پرسش است که اروپا از چه راهبردی در جهت تأمین انرژی خود در یک دهه آینده استفاده می‌کند و مناسبات آینده بر مبنای منابع گازی ایران و اروپا چگونه صورت می‌پذیرد؟ فرضیه پژوهش حاضر این است که اروپا تلاش می‌کند جهت کم نمودن وابستگی انرژی خود از روسیه برای تأمین گاز در یک دهه آینده به مناسبات با ایران برای تأمین امنیت انرژی خود بپردازد. روش تحقیق، با توجه به ماهیت موضوع از نوع توصیفی- تحلیلی و از نظر هدف کاربردی با روش زمینه‌یابی می‌باشد. نتایج پژوهش نشان از آن دارد که ایران تنها کشوری است که می تواند به انحصار روسیه در تأمین انرژی اروپا خاتمه می‌دهد و کشورهای اروپایی در یک دهه آینده برای تأمین انرژی خود به ایران روی آورند تا بتوانند گاز مورد نیاز خود را تأمین نمایند و از سوی دیگر وابستگی خود به کشور روسیه را کمتر از گذشته نمایند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Energy Geopolitics with Emphasis on Iran Gas Potential to Promote Europe Energy Security

نویسندگان [English]

  • Syrus Ahmadi Nohadani 1
  • Arash Ghorbani Sepehr 2
1 Assistant professor of political geography, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2 Ph.D. Student of Political Geography, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Due to geographic importance, India, China and European states are the largest potential natural gas markets of Iran. Iran natural gas and gas condensate production reached to 6.5 million barrels until February 2019. This gas will be received by Europe, finally. Europe depends on gas import from Russia, a matter that concerns gas importing states. Europe security strategy is focused on decrease in the level of dependence on Russia which is emphasized by Europe security perspectives. The research is intended to investigate these issues: what is Europe strategy to provide its energy security? And how do Iran’s gas resources affect Iran and Europe relations? The research hypothesis is that Europe is intended to develop its relation with Iran in order to decrease in Europe energy dependence on Russia. The research is based on descriptive-analytic method and also it is applied in terms of its goal. The research results show that Iran is the only state that can end Russia dominance on Europe energy supply, and European states can reconsider Iran’s role to promote Europe energy security and to decrease in the EU dependence on Russia.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Energy Geopolitics
  • Gas Security
  • Iran
  • Europe
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