تبیین امنیتی شهرک سازی در کرانه باختری با رویکرد تله فضایی(2020-2000)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری گروه جغرافیا، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تهران مرکز، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه جغرافیا، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تهران مرکز، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار گروه جغرافیا، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تهران مرکز، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

با تاسیس رژیم اسرائیل و مهاجرت جمعیت شهرک‌نشین با گرایشات فکری، سیاسی، قومی، نژادی و ... از کشورهای مختلف جهان، شهرک‌سازی در مناطق اشغالی کرانه باختری فلسطین شکل گرفت. شهرک‌نشینان با کارکرد مادی و معنوی حضور موثری در ساختار قدرت اسرائیل کسب کرده و وزن ژئوپلیتیکی خود را ارتقاء بخشیده‌اند و به عنوان بازیگر اصلی در عرصه داخلی و بین‌المللی اسرائیل نقش ایفا می‌نمایند، رژیم اسرائیل به شهرک‌نشینان امکانات مالی، رفاهی، تسهیلات ویژه همراه با آزادی عمل فراقانونی عطا نموده است. شهرک‌نشینان به مرور کارکردها و مطالباتی داشتند که تحقق آنها تاثیر منفی بر امنیت یهودیان ساکن در داخل اسرائیل داشته است. بطوری‌که یهودیان داخل اسرائیل هزینه شهرک‌ها و شهرک‌نشینان را در عرصه امنیتی، سیاسی، اجتماعی، فرهنگی، حقوقی و بین‌المللی می‌پردازند. این سوال مطرح می‌شود که آیا شهرک‌سازی برای اسرائیل یک تله فضایی است؟ یافته‌های پژوهش نشان می‌دهد که کارکرد شهرک‌سازی از سال 2000 به بعد در جهت تامین امنیت رژیم صهیونیستی نبوده و موجب تضعیف امنیت رژیم اسرائیل شده که در نتیجه می‌توان شهرک‌سازی را تله فضایی عنوان نمود. این پژوهش به لحاظ ماهیت کاربردی و مبتنی بر روش توصیفی- تحلیلی و از طریق گردآوری اطلاعات و بررسی اسناد و مدارک می‌باشد.

این پژوهش به لحاظ ماهیت کاربردی و مبتنی بر روش توصیفی- تحلیلی و از طریق گردآوری اطلاعات و بررسی اسناد و منابع اینترنتی می باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Security Explanation of Settlements in the West Bank with the Spatial Trap Approach(2020 - 2000 )

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nasser Rajabnejad 1
  • Mohammad Akhbari 2
  • Ali bijani 3
1 PhD Student, Department of Geography, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Geography, Central Tehran Branch , Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Geography Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Extended Abstract
Intrduction
Over the past 70 years, settlements have been the source of the formation of the geography and space of occupation and the invasion and domination of the territories of the occupied territories of the West Bank of Palestine by the Israeli regime. A large number of settlers with intellectual, political, ethnic, racial, etc. tendencies established communities in the West Bank who come from 100 different countries and speak in 78 different languages and dialects. The settlers, through their material and spiritual functions, have gained an effective presence in the structure of Israeli power and have enhanced its geopolitical weight and play a role as a major player in the domestic and international arena of Israel. The Israeli regime has provided settlers with financial, welfare, and special facilities, as well as freedom of action. The settlers gradually had functions and demands, the fulfillment of which had a negative impact on the security of the Jews living inside Israel. The question arises here is that “is settlement building a spatial trap for Israel?” The findings of the study show that the function of settlement construction since 2000 has not been to ensure the security of the Zionist regime and has weakened the security of the Israeli regime, which can be considered as a spatial trap.
Methodology
This research is based on descriptive-analytic method and is done by collecting information and reviewing documents.
Results and Discussion
The settlements in the West Bank are an island with a number of settlers who have been forced to come together without any strangeness in culture, race, nationality, ethnicity. Anti-security functions of settlers in the West Bank, such as the freedom to carry weapons for settlers, and any settler who has completed a basic military training, can obtain the necessary weapons permits. The settlers have freedom of action in all respects, and the Israeli cabinet pays special attention to them, such as: inequality and discrimination, free housing, free education, lucrative business, separate legal regime, enactment of taste laws, unrestricted access to water, freedom of action in building and community development, violent and harassing acts, etc. Having financial facilities, welfare, special facilities and with freedom of action are illegal. Over the past two decades, settlers have had demands and actions that have had a negative impact on the security of Jews living inside Israel. The actions and functions of these settlements (Mafia Network) in political, economic, social, cultural, security and military dimensions has weakened the security of the Israeli.
Conclusions
The process of demands and demands and anti-security measures of the settlers from the last two decades until now have affected the national security of Israel and the Zionist community to such an extent that the Israeli society has doubled the costs of settlement in various areas of its life. The continuation of this process has also left Israel with a suffocating population in the occupied territories, which has had and continues to have dire consequences in the international arena and in international forums against Israel. The dimensions of the consequences affected by the functioning of the settlements have thus overshadowed the national security of the Israeli regime. That the inhabitants of Israel feel themselves victims of the policies of the settlers. The available findings showed that the consequences of these settlements have threatened Israeli security in various dimensions. Which shows that this regime is trapped in a self-made spatial trap called settlements

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Israeli regime
  • Palestine
  • West Bank
  • Settlement
  • Security
  • spatial trap
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