عنوان مقاله [English]
Iran and France have different dimensions of geopolitical challenge and are constantly trying to make each other passive and seize opportunities by infiltrating the disputed spaces. The present study tries to address these challenges, which are an obstacle to the advancement of bilateral relations from a geopolitical perspective from 1978 until the signing of the Borjam Agreement in 2015 at the national (Iran and France), regional (Southwest Asia) and global levels
This research is descriptive-analytic in terms of method and is applied in terms of its purpose. Depending on the type of subject matter, data gathering procedure is based on library findings such as books, articles, magazines, newspapers, websites, statistics, and also field findings including questionnaire. The sample size was 100 experts in the fields of political geography and geopolitics, international relations and political science.
Results and discussion
3-1- Challenges of Iran-France relations at the national level
The first level of variables affecting the bilateral relations between Iran and France should be considered at the national level, especially the national interests, needs and mental privileges of policymakers of the two countries. At this level, change in national needs, the conditions of the internal environment and the mental environment of policy makers can play a decisive role in bilateral orientations and the type of interactions and challenges of relations between the two countries.
3-2- Challenges of Iran-France relations at the regional level
The Middle East region, and especially the Persian Gulf region, constitutes a level of analysis of the bilateral behaviors of Iran and France, the variables which have been strongly influential in bilateral relations. This region has always been considered by foreign powers and this affects Iran's relations with other countries, including France.
3-3- Challenges of Iran-France relations at the global level
The most important and challenging issue in Iran-France relations at the global level is Iran-US relations and its coercive policies towards Iran.
Since the victory of the Islamic Revolution, the Iran and France relations have gone through many ups and downs, and due to national, regional and global developments, the emergence of new variables and developments in the Middle East and Iran, it is less common that these relations have stability and trend. Iran has historically had relations with France for hundreds of years, and in many historical periods, the process and nature of reciprocal relations between the two governments have played a key role in shaping Iran's internal developments and regional developments and sometimes global relations. Nevertheless, France's position in the international system, as well as Iran's regional and geopolitical position, along with its many capabilities and capacities in creating regional stability and security, energy security, counter-terrorism and counter-narcotics, have led to have relation with Iran. Iran Always have had a vital place and importance for France