عنوان مقاله [English]
Sanctions are set of measures that can be used to punish a party to persuade it to stop or perform the desired action. The aim of the sanctions is very different. In the past, mainly sanctions were applied in the form of unilateral and in some cases as multilateral, but after World War I and the establishment of the League of Nations, sanctions are considered for global peace and security, and also was changed in addition the breadth of participants, including members of the League of Nations and even it was as successful in some cases.
After World War II and the establishment of United Nations, the implementation of sanctions were considered by approval of the UN Security Council and all Member States are also required to implement and comply with its provisions, which increases the efficiency and the success of UN sanctions.
UN sanctions until the late twentieth century mostly were in the form of non-targeted, like a public punishment, was applied to all people and sectors of the country that suffer innocent people which made its performance and success poor. To solve this problem, the strategy of targeted sanctions is followed. The aim of this kind of sanction is that, as much as possible target only aimed sections and in some cases the leaders and those who are responsible for specific measures in the country. Security Council sanctions against Iran, because of its nuclear activities are started in 2006 and by 2010, six resolutions in this regard was issued and over the time caused some problems in different sectors and the power and national survival factors.
This paper aims to study the impact of sanctions on the basis of national power theoretically and also the effects of UN Security Council sanctions against Iran over its elements of national power.
The descriptive analytical method is used in this study and data collection was through documents and internet resources. Data analysis is qualitative and content analysis was performed.
According to the UN resolutions concerning Iran's nuclear activities, sanctions imposed by the UN Security Council against Iran are in category of arms, financial and travel ban of individuals involved in nuclear and missile industries. Although these sanctions are far from comprehensive sanctions, but their impacts to the community are palpable and they have negative effects even on unsanctioned sectors such as health care and most elements of national power, such as economy, the environment, the efficiency of the political system, science and technology, society and culture, military affairs, and even cross-border affairs.
This research has examined the impact of sanctions on Iran's national power, over the past decade. The results show that although in cases that sanctions have been applied as targeted, they directly targeting the roots and foundations of national power, but indirectly also hit other unsanctioned parts of the country.