رویکرد تجارت تسلیحاتی روسیه در منطقه خاورمیانه و شمال آفریقا: جنبه‌های اقتصادی و استراتژیک

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار، عضو هیأت علمی پژوهشکده مطالعات منطقه‌ای، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

چکیده

این مقاله درصدد ارزیابی اهداف روسیه از توسعه تجارت تسلیحاتی با منطقه خاورمیانه و شمال آفریقا و پیامدهای رویکرد روسیه در این زمینه برای منطقه است. این مقاله استدلال می‌کند که اهداف روسیه را می‌توان به دو دسته اهداف اقتصادی و استراتژیک تقسیم‌بندی کرد. اگرچه در بازه زمانی کوتاه‌مدت، پیامدهای این سیاست برای منطقه خاورمیانه و شمال آفریقا در قالب تشدید رقابت تسلیحاتی و افزایش احتمال وقوع جنگ‌های نیابتی نمود پیدا می‌کند، در بلندمدت این روند می‌تواند به عاملی مثبت در راستای تثبیت موازنه قدرت در منطقه میان متحدان آمریکا و دولت‌های ضدآمریکایی تبدیل شود. در این مقاله، از روش کیفی بر مبنای توصیف و تحلیل روندها بهره گرفته شده است. اگرچه در بحث از فروش تسلیحات روسی، داده‌های آماری نیز مورد توجه و بررسی قرار گرفته، ماهیت پژوهش و تحلیل نهایی همچنان کیفی است. رویکرد پژوهشی این مقاله، رویکرد استقرایی است و بر اساس آن، تلاش شده از داده‌های جمع‌آوری شده بهمنظور دستیابی به یک الگوی مناسب برای تحلیل اهداف و پیامدهای رویکرد تجارت تسلیحاتی روسیه در خاورمیانه و شمال آفریقا بهره‌گیری شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Russian Arms Trade Approach in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA): Economic and Strategic Aspects

نویسنده [English]

  • Hamidreza Azizi
Assistant Professor, Institute for Regional Studies, Shahid Beheshti University
چکیده [English]

This article tries to analyse the goals Russia pursues by trying to develop arms trade with the MENA region and the implications of this approach for the region. The article argues that Russia’s goals can be divided into two general categories of economic and strategic objectives. Although in the short term, the implications of this approach for MENA is fomenting arms race in the region and the increased possibility of proxy wars, this process can in the long term turn into a contributing factor in stabilizing the balance of power in the region between the US allies and anti-American governments. A qualitative method based on the description and analysis of trends has been adopted in this article. Although statistical data on Russia’s arms sales is taken into consideration and analysed here as well, the nature of the study and the basis of final analysis remain qualitative. An inductive approach will have been used in this article and it is tried to take advantage of the collected data in order to achieve a proper pattern for analyzing the objectives and implications of Russia’s arms trade approach in MENA.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Russia
  • MENA
  • Arms Race
  • Arms trade
  • Proxy wars

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