Document Type : Original Article
Post-doc Student, Political Geography, Tarbiat Modares University,Tehran, Iran
Professor of Political Geography, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Political organization of the space is the process of dividing and demarking of the territory corresponding with geographic, political, administrative, economic, security, social and cultural goals. The main goal of political organization of the space is optimal political management of space with optimal effectiveness and minimal damages. The most valuable section of political organization of the space is the state level which is called province, state, region and etc. Change in the different levels of political organization of the space is in the domain of the governments’ authority which occurs considering their policies, strategies, ideologies, security situations and natural and human potentials. At the first step, this article investigates the process of changes in the first level of political organization of the space in the world states during the period 1960-2020. “Whether these changes have the same pattern or not?” is the research question. At the second step, the paper investigates measurement and the effect of five factors including population, area, GDP, human development index and security in changes in first level of political organization of the space in 191 states of the world.
The research method is descriptive-analytic and data gathering procedure is based on library findings. In statistical section, EXCEL and SPSS will be used.
Result and Discussion
The results of the first sections show three different patterns in the number of provinces of states of the world including increase, decrease and without- change patterns. Periodical investigations of political organization of the space in states of the world show that the most changes in the political organization of the first level in the states of the world were occurred during 1990-2005. The results of the second section show different impacts of fivefold factor in the states. In a way that, the states with lowest changes or without changes in political organization of the space have been more successful in reaching their goals in political management of the space.
The main approach in this research is creation of civil divisions based on geography and territory, because civil political demarking with geographic, security, demographic and etc goals can bring insatiability, increase in the costs, overgrow of the government body and etc