Conceptualization of Geo-security as an Interdisciplinary Approach (Case Study: Neighboring Countries of Iran)

Document Type : Original Article


Assistant Professor in Political Science Faculty of Economic and Political Science Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran


As an academic field in the study of politics through geographic and naturalistic approaches, geopolitics gives various explanations to political phenomena. In addition, security studies are a new sub-branch of international relations that deals with security issues.
Geo-security is a new interdisciplinary field of study that deals with the security of geographic relations between countries. It is a sub-concept of geopolitics. In an attempt to analyze geo-security, you can see that it consists of three main concepts: territoriality, conflict, and scarcity. Borrowed from geopolitics, social science, and economics, these concepts emphasize continuum relations of nation-states from war to peaceful settlements. Conceptualization of geo-security necessarily needs to claim that it can make a new understanding of relations among nations. The present research aims to analyze Iran’s foreign policy towards its neighboring countries. The findings not only show all the main issues about Iran’s relations with its neighbors, but also help to manage these relations and make a shift from a conflictual approach to a cooperative one


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Volume 18, Issue 68
January 2022
Pages 314-338
  • Receive Date: 20 May 2020
  • Revise Date: 15 September 2020
  • Accept Date: 19 October 2020
  • First Publish Date: 19 October 2020