Interstate Rivalries within Regional Organizations Case study: Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO)

Document Type : Original Article


Assistant Professor of Political Geography, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran


Although the goal of all regional organizations is to strengthen cooperation between member states, in some cases there are apparent or hidden rivalries in minor or major levels, which sometimes leads to stagnation and inefficiency of the regional organization and hinders effective cooperation. The need for cooperation in South West Asia to benefit all developing countries in the region became the main driver for the foundation of the Economic Cooperation Organisation (ECO) in 1985. This study aimed to identify the areas of rivalries among the member states of this organization resulting lack of cooperation and success, from a political geography and geopolitics point of view. Contexts of rivalries classified into four political, economic, cultural, and geopolitical factors containing eighteen sub-variables. The results showed geopolitical, political, cultural factors, and economic factors respectively have a positive and significant effect on rivalries in ECO


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Volume 16, Issue 60
January 2021
Pages 334-350
  • Receive Date: 03 August 2020
  • Revise Date: 06 January 2021
  • Accept Date: 19 December 2020
  • First Publish Date: 21 December 2020