Document Type : Original Article
PhD Student in Political Geography, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
Professor in Political Geography, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Assistant Professor of Political Geography, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
Spaces and regions, with their values and political resources, acquire a geopolitical nature and affect the geopolitical perception of political actors and are the cause of the formation of geopolitical patterns in relations. The Kurdistan Regional Government is an example of spaces and geographical areas that today, as an active and leading element in regional equations, affect the geopolitical perception of neighboring countries and actors and is reciprocally influenced by them. Economic variables (geo-economic) are the most common principles of geopolitical perception in the relations of countries and political actors in relation to geopolitical regions and spaces. In this research, 21 geopolitical variables related to explaining the geopolitical perception of political actors and neighboring countries are identified using descriptive-analytic method based on valid library propositions with economic approach. Based on a comparative study of the components, it can be said that despite some fundamental differences in geopolitical interests and concerns, the degree of commonality and similarity in interests and concerns is more pronounced. Thus, despite the competition and incompatibility in some areas in the geopolitical space of Kurdistan region between neighboring actors, the grounds for strategic alliance and cooperation are provided and finally the type of behavioral patterns in geopolitical relations is based on interaction and convergence.