Geoeconomic Approach in Foreign Relations Analysis; Study of Russia's Relations with Western European Countries (Germany, France, Italy, Britain)

Document Type : Original Article


Assistant Professor of international relations, National Defense University, Tehran, Iran


Extended Abstract     
The motivation to provide security and maintain territorial integrity is one of the most important dimensions of Russia's geo-economic behavior. Geopoliticians believe that the modern Russian Empire will face three separate border regions. Caucasus and Central Asia, Siberia and Western Europe. In other words, Russia to be able to revive its modern empire, it must be able to play an active role in these three vital regions. In the following, the article will analyze the Russian foreign policy toward Western Europe through geo-economic approach.
The present article is done Through Instrumental Case Study method, and Data collected based on the library one.
Result and Discussion
In dealing with Germany, Moscow has always considered the variable of its geographical location as a fundamental principle in its foreign policy. This variable has in fact led to Russia having the best relations with Germany. On the other hand, geo-cultural relations with France and Italy have, over the years, strengthened confidence in Moscow in these countries and affected Russia's geo-economic action. However, hostile relations with the United Kingdom have not prevented Moscow from developing economic cooperation with the United Kingdom. Russia is trying, with the help of economic factors, to reduce the level and intensity of British influence on anti-Russian geo-economic equations.
The findings show that Russia's geo-economic action towards Western Europe has been redefined in recent years, and while the main roots of the action in the past were geo-cultural motivations, but inspired by Political variables, todays the geopolitical element plays an organizing role in Moscow's interaction with the four European powers. Differences in the views to and relations with these countries, on the one hand, and their growing need for energy, will cause Russia's foreign policy to require new geo-economic dynamics in the coming years.


Main Subjects

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Volume 19, Issue 69
January 2023
Pages 207-244
  • Receive Date: 06 September 2021
  • Revise Date: 21 December 2021
  • Accept Date: 31 December 2021
  • First Publish Date: 31 December 2021