Security and Regional Development in Iran Case study: Khorasan Razavi Province

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 MA of Spatial Planning Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor of Geography and Urban Planning, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

3 Assistant Professor of Political Geography, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Introduction
Today, the goal of any development planning is to achieve environmental equilibrium and consequently maintaining political unity and security. So the geographical inequality and uneven development leads to lack of security and makes national unity difficult. Development and security are systemic and are interdependent so there should be a systematic consideration toward them in khorasane-Razavi province. Khorasane-Razavi province which is known as a thoroughfare of drugs to European countries as well as to the vicinity to the Golden Triangle, has some problems in the domain of security and consequently development. So, in such a situation the security and defense of province have been multidimensional and complex. In this study, the relationship between development and security of khorasane-Razavi has been surveyed to help security and sustainable development of the province.
 
Methodology
The research try to analyze the development and security in khorasane-Razavi province. After gathering the required indicators of research, expert analysis is used and also the required resources are used which categorize cities of khorasane-Razavi province in terms of infrastructural, cultural, economic, transportation and population indicators by using VIKOR technique. Then the cities of khorasane-Razavi province are ranked based on security and the relationship between development and security is assessed by using statistical methods and software. 
 
Result and discussion
In this study, the cities of khorasane-Razavi province are evaluated in terms of various indicators and then all of the indicators were synthesized and the development of the cities were measured. In general, it can be said that the city of Mashhad is ranked first in terms of development and the city of Kalat is last. Overall, the results indicate that the border cities of Khorasan khorasane-Razavi are not desirable in terms of development.
 
Conclusion
The analysis of relationship between development and security that is resulted from statistical software indicates that the correlation coefficient is higher than 0.5 and the obtained amount of the error is less than 0.05. The answer of the study question is positive. So, there is a significant relationship between development and security in khorasane-Razavi province. Therefore in order to achieve security and sustainable development mutually, several strategies have been proposed such as creation of the required infrastructure, improvement of literacy, investment in the private sector, activation of border markets, and development of infrastructures to strengthen national integration. 
 

Keywords


Volume 13, Issue 45
March 2017
Pages 125-145
  • Receive Date: 20 July 2016
  • Revise Date: 01 October 2016
  • Accept Date: 22 December 2016
  • First Publish Date: 21 March 2017