Political Organization of Space in Unitary Systems

Document Type : Original Article


1 - Associate Professor of Political Geography, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

2 - Ph.D Graduated in Political Geography, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

3 - Full Professor of Geography, CNRS, Paris, France


“Sub national entities organization” is the framework of state territorial space as a infrastructure for supplying the national, state and regional security while providing the optimal conditions for balanced development of all state regions. Such a context requires distinguishing and having systematic and comprehensive look at the political organization of space and its factors and components so that it can cover all the current dynamic streams in different levels of space (state) political structure.
The present study tries to investigate the “sub national entities organization” with a systematic approach as a system which is the infrastructure of a political (state) structure system, and the life and mobility of other systems continue by flowing on it. Then, tries to present a pattern for political organization of space in the centralized structures.
This study is descriptive-analytical in terms of method and fundamental-applied regarding its type. Because of relation between factors and affectivity on networks and regional movement, we have selected systemic method. Collection of information has been made by different methods, generally by library and internet. In systemic method we use State as a system theory by Easton. In this model we have three steps of action which is entrance, process and outcome. So it could show the geographical and political facts of Iran territory.
The nature of the divisions of the space is not based on the specified index, So the essence of political segmentation is not clear and political groups are trying to get the maximum benefits for themselves and their adopted group.
In systemic approach we have three steps:
Entrance: all the indexes and geographical situation in addition to governmental rule.
Process: the state which this factors act in territory.
Outcome: balance or imbalance in situation of development or stability of country.
By this model we could find how many indicators exist in political organization of space and how are them interact together.  
The result shows that systemic method plays its role in space with two types of balance and imbalance. Hence, systemic approach to the affective factors of organizing the space causes stable spatial relation between them. So it strengthens the state.   


Volume 10, Issue 35
September 2014
Pages 176-199
  • Receive Date: 09 May 2013
  • Revise Date: 23 July 2013
  • Accept Date: 26 December 2013
  • First Publish Date: 23 September 2014