Document Type : Original Article
-Full Professor of Political Sciences, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
Tensions between Iran, Saudi Arabia, Turkey and Egypt should be known as uninterrupted affords to affect components of regional security in the Middle East. Evaluation of Middle East's transformation represents that security controversy, in this geopolitical field, significantly has increased since year 2006. Its cause should be known in identified geopolitical competitions in the region. In this condition, countries such as Iran and Saudi Arabia have increased their status in the regional security and each of them tries to control new form of power, security and geopolitical policy's equation. America's security approach also focuses on the crisis progression and threats which have identity nature.
This article with "content analysis method" and also "data analysis method" and relying on library resources is following to answer the article's main question with the title "what is the effect of identity topics on the nature of regional competitions?” The main hypothesis of article also emphasizes this issue that nature and identity disputes are the main axis of security's new formation in the Middle East.
Different approaches have been expressed about continuing dispute reasons in the Middle East and America's risky venturous security policy in this geographical field. Although evidences represent that always America's foreign policy has been encountered security challenges in the Middle East. But quality of these challenges has changed after coming Obama to power. Obama tried to put confronting with authoritarian states' policy on the agenda. Such a process began from Egypt and Tunes. But it transferred to another field of regional countries where have a radical power's structure and benefit from resistance politics against America's geopolitical threats.
Result and Conclusion
Since the early 2011, stability in Syria and the role of Syria stability in security-regional policies have changed to a complex issue. Syria's crisis has formed effected by social forces' interaction and protection of international players. United States tried to use, the process which have been used in Libya, in Syria. In such a situation we can see signs of crisis progression in Syria. The main reason of crisis progression in Syria should be known in transnational factors' combination due to the great powers' interference in Syria and also inefficiency of the internal structure for convincing and controlling social forces. America's political and security behavior in the years after cold war represent that United States tries to organize its behavioral pattern based on signs according to hegemonic system While Syria, China and Franc have totally different attitude. They prefer to focus on the international system's structure which has a balance characteristic. Most of the strategic issues' theorists of United States believe in a structure based on power balance to create a more utility security for America.