Persian Gulf-Indian Ocean Geopolitical Intertwinement

Document Type : Original Article


- Assistant Professor of Political Sciences, Faculty of World Studies, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran



The present paper is an attempt to discuss the symbiotic relationship between two geopolitical regions, i.e. the Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean.  Since the Persian Gulf access to the high seas is through the Indian Ocean sea-lanes, geopolitics of oil routes also should be studied in the light of the geopolitics of Indian Ocean. The main contention of the present paper is that there is a symbiotic relationship between the Indian Ocean and Persian Gulf which goes much beyond mere morphological geographical connections. In fact, this symbiosis has a geopolitical-geographical nature as described by Stephen Jones' geopolitical theory of Unified Fields. In this perspective, the Persian Gulf is vitally dependent on the Indian Ocean while any development in the Persian Gulf would crucially affect the developments in Indian Ocean. The data required for this research were collected through documentary method which included books, journals and data available in statistical centers. The collected data have been analyzed to test the hypothesis within the framework of Stephen Jones’ Unified Field Theory. The findings of the research sustain the hypothesis indicating that there is a geopolitical symbiosis between the two water bodies.


Volume 9, Issue 32
December 2015
Pages 155-179
  • Receive Date: 23 June 2013
  • Revise Date: 24 September 2013
  • Accept Date: 18 November 2013
  • First Publish Date: 22 December 2013