Document Type : Original Article
- Associate Professor of Political Geography, Tehran University, Tehran
- Ph.D Student of Political Geography, Tehran University, Tehran
In every country, the most fundamental differences are inequality in economic opportunities, nature, language, identity and history. Once these spatial differences are profound and the people of the underdeveloped places become aware about these facts as the reasons of their shares in national participation, they create tensions for the government and hence; the feeling of regionalism becomes stronger against nationalism. Recently, borders are the manifestation of the crisis in the issues related to the national security. In case of striking border differences, national security is being threatened intensely. The importance of borders or border regions necessitates security and in order to create border security, the roles of the ethnic groups there become utmost important.
From the ethnic point of view, Iran is a diverse country. Here, the features distinguishing nationalities from one another are concentrated on lingual, religious and ethnic aspects. In Iran, nations are scattered as minority groups in the border regions and provinces. Five Iranian nations of the border regions and the adjacent countries with common languages took up these grounds for the emergence of the ethnic crisis at the border points. Indices like having official language, local Radio and Television, request to take part in the power-struggle or participation in the local elections mean that different Iranian nations including Azeri, Kurd, Balooch, Turkmen and Arabs have reached to the maximum self- awareness hence; they demand the central government to lay out proper ethnic policies and strategies. Considering their self-awareness, if the government adopts particular policies and lead them towards national participation, their national identities would be strengthened too.