The Geopolitics of the Oil-rich Countries of the Persian Gulf and Defiance of Globalization: (Iran, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Iraq)

Document Type : Original Article


1 - Associate Professor of Political Science, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran

2 - MA Student of Regional Studies, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran


Regarding to discourses of Economic Globalization such as economic, foreign trade and investment liberalization, production and monetary transfer; the role of State-Nations and the importance of geographical frontiers are in reducing. So, many countries and regions in the world intend to profit of Global Economy advantages and its opportunities for enhancing their economic power and geo-economic position in the very high competitive economic globalization era. In this article, we study the defiance of the Oil-rich Countries of the Persian Gulf in a positive interaction to economic globalization process. We also study some weakness of these countries in their geo-economic situation despite the very important geo-politic position. In theses countries because of its huge petroleum incomes, State has a crucial and high role in economy and its expenses are rising. Also, a real privatization has not been made and the competitiveness that is a necessary and important substance of the Market Economy is very weak and non-transparent. Some of them have not been so severe in the questions of economic liberalization and tariff reduction. Therefore, they have confronted some important difficulties in foreign investments attraction and some others defiance in interaction to Economic Globalization.
In this article: 1) we study some important elements of Economic Globalization; 2) review the political economy of petrol and some features of economic and political structures in the Oil-rich Countries of the Persian Gulf; 3) explain some globalization standards upon the dates in this countries for studying their geo-economic situation in interaction to Economic Globalization.


Volume 5, Issue 14
July 2009
Pages 102-136
  • Receive Date: 08 September 2008
  • Revise Date: 26 January 2009
  • Accept Date: 02 September 2009
  • First Publish Date: 02 September 2009