Document Type : Original Article
- Assistant Professor of Geography, Imam Hossein University, Tehran
- MA Student of Political Geography, Tehran University, Tehran
- MA Student of Political Geography, Tehran University
If the people who enjoy a single culture live in a specific geographical area, formal culture is formed. Iran, due to its vast geography and tumultuous history, has different cultural areas. Since different cultures have different demands, adjustment of the borders of cultural areas with functional spaces will be helpful. The present research is an attempt to study the factors for incompatibility of cultural areas and functional spaces. Attempts have been made to study the consequences of this incompatibility. The objective of the research is to find out the borders and dispersion of formal cultural areas.
The results indicate that incompatibility of formal cultural areas and functional spaces in Iran have been formed under the influence of administrative, defense-security issues as well as local rivalries and methods of rendering services. This has led to a dual result: on the one hand it has led to the containment of divergence, consolidation of national solidarity and preservation of territorial integrity; on the other hand it has led to imbalance regional development, polarization of wealth and power and dissatisfaction with the ruling system.