Geopolitical Factors in Strategic Defense Planning: A Theoretical Model

Document Type : Original Article


1 -Full Professor of Political Geography, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran

2 - Ph.D, Political Geography, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran

3 - Assistant Professor of Geography, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran

4 - Assistant Professor of Political Geography, Imam Hossein University, Tehran


In many cases, resources, facilities and instruments used to project a strategy are adjusted to well-known geopolitical factors in terms of issue and proof. Some of these factors are strategic and geo-strategic situation; others are economic, political, military, social, and cultural conditions or natural and physical phases of the land such as shape and extent. There are other communicational, sea and coastal situations. The type and size of natural resources and quality and quantity of human resources, and cultural and historical elements are also important geopolitical factors.
Defense strategy planners usually pay attention to the role of geopolitical factors although there is no evidence of scientific consideration and systematic effects of these factors in codification of defense strategy. In order to provide a theoretical model for defense strategies based on geopolitical factors, this paper maintains that the effective factors and the relationship between these factors and defense strategy should first be identified. Then the expression of the type, manner and the effects of proposed factors in planning defense strategy should be taking into consideration. In this article, a model for determining the scope of effectiveness of these factors along with the methods in which these factors engaged in codification of defense strategy have been provided.


Volume 3, Issue 8
July 2007
Pages 38-7
  • Receive Date: 24 July 2007
  • Revise Date: 01 November 2007
  • Accept Date: 10 April 2008
  • First Publish Date: 10 April 2008