Geopolitical Challenges of Narcotics in Southwest Asia:Case Studies; Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan

Document Type : Original Article



The Narcotics has a profound effect on individual and the world communities. While, individually, they endanger health and personal security, nationally the narcotics crimes cause brawling, social intricacies, weakness of the states and backwardness of the country. The poor countries are highly vulnerable to narcotics and need cooperation because they lack the necessary resources to counter the cycles of crimes and delinquency. Internationally, narcotics problems have important significance. The narcotics markets have no boundaries or limitations and their transnational nature shows that none of the states whether rich or poor could gain access to the boundaries of these markets.
From their initial classification, narcotics are of two kinds i.e. their natural origin are from poppy seeds, coca, and if manufactured in laboratory these are Meta amphetamine/ Amphetamine, which are the most destructive narcotics. Opium and especially heroine is the narcotics, which has its largest production in Southwest Asia especially Afghanistan. Narcotics production and smuggling has seriously affected Iran, Pakistan as well as Central Asian countries.
The lucrative and profitable smuggling has caused the formation of groups and mafia networks. The collective nature of smugglers requires sophisticated programs with the ambitious objectives to accumulate enormous money, complex programming, active at national, transnational and international levels, use of strong information networks, inclination to influence political system, intervene in policy- making, organizational culture etc.
This paper tries to describe the present conditions of narcotics in the southwest Asia and their geopolitical challenges.