Trump and the Perspective of the US National Security Strategy; the Transition from Multilateralism to Unilateralism

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 PhD Student of International Relations, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor of International Relations, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor of International Relations, School of International Relations, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Donald Trump, the forty-fifth president of the United States, entered the White House with a very different agenda and sought to redefine the pattern of US action and engagement in the international sphere. While rejection of Obama's policies, Trump has sought to alteration, the US foreign policy and security strategy at almost all levels and in this pathway has sought to change the strategic mechanisms of the United States. The present paper, through a brief review of the US National Security Strategy during Barack Obama's presidency, discusses the most significant signs of a possible transformation in the US National Security Strategy in the coming years. This survey is based on reports, documents and white House new president and decision makers' speech. The main question of the present article is what features of the Trump National Security Strategy in the coming years differentiate from Obama's strategy in 2008-2016, And its initial hypothesis focuses on the formulation of a national security strategy in a different framework than Obama's multilateralism, mainly as a form of moderate unilateralism, and based on ambiguous politics and, in particular, the Madman theory of  Henry Kissinger as the main difference between Obama's declared strategy.
 
 

Keywords


Volume 13, Issue 48 - Serial Number 48
December 2018
Pages 210-229
  • Receive Date: 02 March 2017
  • Revise Date: 29 June 2017
  • Accept Date: 17 October 2017
  • First Publish Date: 20 February 2018