Turbulence Management Model in Iran's Middle East Policy

Document Type : Original Article


Ph.D., Department of International Relations, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.


The Middle East today can be considered an area with the features of chaos due to its geopolitical structure, complex historical identity and decades of crisis. In this volatile area, security has undergone an extensive alteration, and the Islamic Republic of Iran, as a major actor and historical activist, needs certain behavioral patterns to correspond to the situations and trends of security chaos. The present paper seeks to identify the elements of Iran's regional behavioral patterns in the Middle East security chaos. It is hypothesized that Iran needs to take advantage of patterns of constructive interaction, balancing, geopolitical stability, and Interactive Order-Building to play a regional role in this chaos. A descriptive-analytical method and theoretical modeling is employed to account for the historical process of chaos in the Middle East and Iran's chaos management model in foreign policy.


Main Subjects

  1. Azarshab, M; Momeni, J (2017). Regional Security Requirements and Iran's Security Strategy in the Middle East, First Year, Political Strategy Quarterly, No. 2. [In Persian]
  2. Deheshyar, H; Aminabadi, S.M (2022). The Role of Geopolitics in Escalating International Crises (A Case Study: Syrian Crisis), Geopolitics Quarterly, Vol 18, NO.2. [In Persian]
  3. Eftekhari, A (2006). Order in Disorder, Book of the Month of Social Sciences, No. 103-105. [In Persian]
  4. Enami Alamdari, S (2021). Analysis of Theoretical Model of Chaos Management in Global Geopolitics, Geopolitics Quarterly, Vol 17, NO.2. [In Persian]
  5. Enami Alamdari, S (2017). Transformation in the structure of the international system and analysis of Middle East conflicts, Quarterly Journal of Political Science, No. 39. [In Persian]
  6. Ghasemi, F (2022). A Step Towards the Theoretical Model of Dissipated and Bifurcated Order in the New International Politics, Geopolitics Quarterly, Vol 18, No.1. [In Persian]
  7. Ghasemi, F (2016). Complexity and Chaos Theory: A New Turn in Explaining the Evolution of Social Networks, Politics Quarterly, No. 4. [In Persian]
  8. Ghodsi, A (2018). Geopolitical system of West Asia and the desired order of the regions of Iran, Quarterly Journal of Strategic Defense Studies, No. 72. [In Persian]
  9. Headquarters Report (2018). Iran’s Priorities in a Turbulent Middle East, International Crisis Group.
  10. Kamrava, M (2018). Hierarchy and Instability in the Middle East Regional Order, International Studies Journal (ISJ) / Vol. 14, No. 4.
  11. Kashmiri, S. M; Enami Alamdari, S (2011). National Defense Strategy; The comprehensive defense approach and the Islamic-Iranian model of progress, Journal of Political and International Approaches, No. 32. [In Persian]
  12. Kolaei, E (1998). A Brief Understanding of Long Cycle Theory in Global Politics, Journal of the Faculty of Law and Political Science, No. 1054. [In Persian]
  13. Modelski, G (1988). Long Cycles in World Politics, London: Macmillan.
  14. Modelski, G; Thompson, W (1995). Leading Sectors and World Powers: The Coevolution of Global Politics and Economics, University of South Carolina Press.
  15. Mohammadi, M; Mottaghi, E (2005). The Doctrine of Constructive Interaction in the Foreign Policy of the Country", Yas Strategy Quarterly, First Year, No. 2. [In Persian]
  16. Moqtadaee, Z (2016). Key Concepts in Ervin Goffman's Social Theory, Raskhoon Electronic Journal. [In Persian]
  17. Mossalanejad, A (2020). Geopolitical Shift in Power and Security in Southwest Asia, Geopolitics Quarterly, Vil 16, No.3. [In Persian]
  18. Mottaghi, E (2013). The Evolution of the Power Balance Approach in Regional Systems: Identity versus Structuralism, Strategy Quarterly, Volume 22, Number 67. [In Persian]
  19. Mottaghi, E; Baghaei, Kh; Rahimi, M (2010). A Study of US Foreign Policy in the Middle East after 9/11 Based on the Offensive Realism Approach, Quarterly Journal of Political and International Research, No. 4. [In Persian]
  20. Niknami, R (2020). The Effective Factors on European Union’s Engagement in Transnistria Conflict Resolution Process Based on Regional Security Complex Model', Geopolitics Quarterly, Vol 17, No.3. [In Persian]
  21. Pustinchi, Z; Mottaghi, E (2018). Regional security in turbulent conditions; Strong government or strong region, Tehran: University Press and Higher Research Institute of National Defense and Strategic Research. [In Persian]
  22. Richards, D (1993). A chaotic model of power concentration in the international system, International Studies Quarterly, No.37.
  23. Rosenua, J (2006). The Study of World Politics: Volume 1: Theoretical and Methodological Challenges, New York: Routledg.
  24. Rosenua, J (2004). Stability, Stasis, and Change: A Fragmegrating World, available in: https://indianstrategicknowledgeonline.com/web/ C5R- osena.pdf
  25. Rosenua, J (2005). Chaos in World Politics: A Theory of Transformation and Cohesion, translated by Alireza Tayeb, Tehran: Rozaneh Publishing.