Political Process in the Formation of The New State of Yugoslavia 1918

Document Type : Original Article


This discusses the consequences of World War I towards the struggle for independence for the Balkan States. This article argues that the formational process of the state of Yugoslavia was a political compromise among the Slav nations, namely the Serbs, the Croats and the Muslims in the Balkans consisting of the former Austria-Hungarian territories. The research method was based on the content analysis of declassified documents from the Public Record Office, London and the personal collection of Seton Watson documents at the University of London. This article finds that the idea of Greater Serbia is at odds with the idea of Jugoslav. This is the threat to the unification of a new state. Pressure from outside, such as Italy wanting to take advantage of the Austrian-Hungarian place in the Balkans, has alarmed Jugoslav and Serbian leaders. The Italian threat forced the Slav political leaders to immediately agree to form a Yugoslav government, even if not wholeheartedly.


Main Subjects

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 25 September 2023
  • Receive Date: 09 September 2022
  • Revise Date: 13 April 2023
  • Accept Date: 25 September 2023