From Ideology to Impact: A Comparative Study of Al-Qaeda and ISIS Threats to Iraqi Social Peace

Document Type : Original Article


1 political sciences-social sciences & humanities -UKM university -Malaysia.

2 political sciences, social sciences & Humanities, UKM, University, Malaysia



This research engages in a comparative analysis of the two most dangerous jihadist terrorist organizations in Iraq: Al-Qaeda and the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIS). The central hypothesis suggests that ISIS poses a more significant risk to social harmony in Iraq than Al-Qaeda. The primary goal of this study is to assess and compare the distinct impact of these prominent terrorist groups on social peace in the Iraqi context. By examining their respective ideologies, strategies, and targeted demographics, this research aims to shed light on the varying levels of threat they pose to communal cohesion and regional security. To achieve these objectives, a qualitative methodology was employed, utilizing secondary sources to investigate the threats that Al-Qaeda and ISIS pose to social peace in Iraq. The findings of this study provide compelling evidence supporting the claim that ISIS (Daesh) presents a significantly greater threat to social peace in Iraq compared to the terrorist organization Al-Qaeda.


Main Subjects

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 02 March 2024
  • Receive Date: 01 December 2023
  • Revise Date: 13 February 2024
  • Accept Date: 02 March 2024