Strategic Differences of Iran’s Coasts

Document Type : Original Article


1 Full Professor of Political Geography, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor of Political Geography, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

3 M.A of Political Geography, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

4 Lecturer, Farhangian University, Tehran, Iran


Coastal zone are considered as a cross point for two different marine and continental ecology. They have distinguishable characteristics and are different from other parts of the Earth. During 16th century and "navigation revolution" these areas transformed to an environment for “new global system”. Since then population has increasingly grown up and economy has been developed (about 3/7 billions of world population live in 100 kilometers around coastal areas).
Using descriptive-analytical method and in the structure-agency model framework, this study intends to find strategic differences concerning to Iranian Coasts.
Iranian Coastal Zones are mainly dominated by insecure and turbulent conditions (Notably in South of Iran). Large parts of oil and gas based activities and its related economy are gathered in this zone and at the same time we do not see any convenient link between economic importance and Coastal zones and their unfavorable conditions.
The number of differences in the perspectives of all marine coastlines of Iran, in terms of climate, soil, natural contacts such as earthquakes, floods, access to fresh water, the development from the perspective of the quality of the human condition (HDC) and Human Development, GNP citizens and the general roles geo-economical, geo-strategy and geopolitics, is at least 104 cases.


Volume 12, Issue 41
March 2016
Pages 1-23
  • Receive Date: 01 May 2015
  • Revise Date: 18 January 2016
  • Accept Date: 15 February 2016
  • First Publish Date: 20 March 2016