Document Type : Original Article
-Assistant Professor of Geography, Tarbiat Modares University,Tehran
-Ph.D Student of Geography and Rural Planning, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran
-Associate Professor of Geography, Tarbiat Modares University,Tehran
-Associate Professor of Political Geography, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran
Many researchers believe that economic and social poverty among rural households that are real manifestations of malnutrition, illiteracy, unemployment, lack of suitable level of health, improper quality of substructures, and unsafe residence is the result of applying the centralism policies in developing countries. It seems that rural poverty in most of the developing countries has a close relationship with official, financial and political centralism and applying these kinds of policies will amplify the requirements in the rural areas. The policy that has been damned to failure and resulted in the formation of a new subject called decentralization has become an accelerated method for rural development. Along these two recent decades, the subject of promoting the political management levels of geographical spaces in the form of formation of new province has been the indication of applying the decentralization policies, applying policies that have been has different economical, social and physical effects especially in rural residence levels. So, researchers are trying not only to explain the role of changing the political space management levels. In the form of formation of new provinces in the process of applying the anti – decentralization policies in the Qazvin but also to answer this crucial question that what a development effects does this strategy have has in the economical ,social and physical dimensions in rural areas of Qazvin? So the researchers with use of economical, social and physical explanations in the of Likert spectrum and with applying the retrospective panel design based on outlook assessment in the two periods before and after Qazvin become province with use of Cochran formula and random classification method among 450 households that live in rural centres and in 45 villages form 5 county of Qazvin province, understand that the procedure of rural areas changes in all the economical ,social and physical fields with centralization of framework dimension form sample society point of view has been positive and has been accompanied by decrease of negative elements. Although the formation of new provinces hasn’t been in the form giving the power and authority in the form of local governments and we just faced with official and financial decentralism in the province level, so it seems that the present movement is a fundamental step in decrease of government presence in the local levels and could provide positive and meaningful effects in rural areas.