- Assistant Professor of Political Geography, World Studies Faculty, Tehran
The Caucasian region has been enjoying a strategic significance due to its geographical location since long time back. Although during the Cold War it was under the Soviet domination, since it was located in the geostrategic region of confrontation between two military pacts, that is, NATO and Warsaw, it enjoyed a geostrategic significance. After the collapse of the Soviet Union and independence of Azerbaijan, Armenia and Georgia, it gradually moved from the sphere of influence of Russia to that of the United States. The United States has entered the backyard of Russia, causing concern for Moscow. Each of the regional and extra-regional actors, following their own interests or trying to remove their own security concerns, have created some crises for the region. The territorial, ethnic, political and economic crises created since the collapse of the Soviet Union in early 1990s have remained unsolved and by postponing the development of the region have added to the intensity of the crises. Since there is a contradiction between the interests of the regional and extra-regional powers, they have been pitted against each other widening the scope of the crisis in the region. Due to these very reasons, the Caucasian region, despite enjoying rich natural resources, including oil and gas, suitable infrastructure, active population and trained human resources which are the necessary elements for all-out development, has faced several crises. The present article is an attempt to study the US presence in the region in the light of oil and strategic factors. The US, by following the containment policy that it used to follow during the Cold War is trying to contain Russia as a nuclear power. The present article discusses the US tactics and strategies in this regard. In order to find out the relationship between US presence and other variables including security, oil and color revolutions, attempts have been made to study the US strategic and economic objectives in the region.