Hydropolitics in the Middle East in 2025 Case Study: the Basins of Tigris, Euphrates, Jordan & Nile Rivers

Document Type : Original Article


1 - Ph.D Student of Political Geography, Tarbiat Modares University

2 - M.A Student of Political Geography, Tarbiat Modares University


Water is a crucial element which is vital for production of foodstuff, growth of economy and animal breeding. Although 71% of the surface of globe is covered by water, only 0.86 % of available water body is accessible for man’s use. Nowadays such issues like baby boom, improvement of standards of life and health, urban development, expansion of industries, agriculture and other sectors have tremendously increased water consumption so that water consumption compared to early years of the 20th century has increased 17 times while the figure compared to three centuries ago is 45 times. The Middle East is located in the dry belt region and enjoys only 1% of available potable water while 5% of world population reside in this area. This amount of water is mainly utilized jointly while more that 50% of the said population live in common basin. This situation has created serious challenges for utilization of these scarce resources. The current paper is an attempt to review the case of hydro-politics in the Middle East in 2025 in the areas of Tigris and Euphrates Basins, Jordan and Nile Rivers.
The findings and conclusions of this research demonstrated that the high rate of baby boom and fresh water decrement in the region besides hydro resource constraints shall produce challenges and competitions specifically in the Jordan River banks.