City Diplomacy and Formation of the Inter-City Relations around the Persian Gulf

Document Type : Original Article


1 . Department of Urban Planning, School of Architecture and Environmental Design, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran.

2 faculty member, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran



Following the contemporary globalization process, cities have gained a strong presence in the field of world politics, and by connecting to international urban networks, they play an effective role in the common interests of themselves and other urban actors. The current research aims to investigate the requirements of forming an international union of cities around the Persian Gulf by strengthening city diplomacy in the region with the benefit of a descriptive-analytical method. In this regard, by using reliable sources and articles, the background of economic and social relations and the current situation of the region has been investigated and finally, the model of city diplomacy in the Persian Gulf region has been presented. The research findings show that the cities of this region have moved in the direction of divergence despite the presence of many convergence factors, and the formation of an international urban union in the region will play an effective role in increasing convergence and greater peace in the region.


Main Subjects

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 04 January 2024
  • Receive Date: 12 November 2023
  • Revise Date: 29 December 2023
  • Accept Date: 04 January 2024