عنوان مقاله [English]
Special geographical position of the Islamic Republic of Iran and special position of Chabahar port due to its excellent environmental capabilities and proximity to Central and East Asian countries in the southeast region, special strategic position to this port in the field of shipping and maritime transport and connection with north-south corridor provided an east-west transit route. Despite the vital value of this region in various security, economic, cultural, political, social aspects, not enough attention has been paid to the elements related to the connection and development of rail transport from this port to other parts of the country. In such circumstances, considering the connection of the rail transport network to Chabahar port, the main issue is that the connection of this network to the rail transport transit inside and outside the country and the north-south corridor will have an impact on the geopolitical status of this port? It seems that the connection of the railway transportation network to Chabahar port will enhance their geopolitical status.
The research method is descriptive-analytic, and data gathering procedure is based on library findings.
Results and Discussion
Activation of Chabahar Port Railway and revitalization of the Silk Road will bring a lot of economic, political, military and cultural capacities, especially tourism, to the country, and if the plan is ignored, it will isolate Chabahar Port and create security threats. It will be social in Sistan and Baluchestan region for many years. Continuation of the current situation is not in line with Chabahar's interests and it is appropriate for the Iranian diplomatic apparatus to use this opportunity to take advantage of the competition of regional powers (China, India and other countries) to attract investment in rail and port communication structures.
Establishing rail transit in Chabahar port will increase in government interaction, attract foreign investment and economic prosperity, significantly increase in urban planning, create security and political stability in the Middle East, and accelerate the revival of the Maritime Silk Road and connect the port to Heartland "Makinder" and it will be a geopolitical advantage.