نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 ـ استاد جغرافیای سیاسی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس
2 ـ جغرافیای سیاسی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس
3 ـ استادیار جغرافیا، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس
4 ـ استادیار جغرافیای سیاسی، دانشگاه امام حسین (ع)
عنوان مقاله [English]
In many cases, resources, facilities and instruments used to project a strategy are adjusted to well-known geopolitical factors in terms of issue and proof. Some of these factors are strategic and geo-strategic situation; others are economic, political, military, social, and cultural conditions or natural and physical phases of the land such as shape and extent. There are other communicational, sea and coastal situations. The type and size of natural resources and quality and quantity of human resources, and cultural and historical elements are also important geopolitical factors.
Defense strategy planners usually pay attention to the role of geopolitical factors although there is no evidence of scientific consideration and systematic effects of these factors in codification of defense strategy. In order to provide a theoretical model for defense strategies based on geopolitical factors, this paper maintains that the effective factors and the relationship between these factors and defense strategy should first be identified. Then the expression of the type, manner and the effects of proposed factors in planning defense strategy should be taking into consideration. In this article, a model for determining the scope of effectiveness of these factors along with the methods in which these factors engaged in codification of defense strategy have been provided.