Rise of the Far Right parties in Europe: from Nationalism to Euroscepticism

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 PhD Political Geography, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate Professor of Political Geography, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor Political Geography, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

4 Associate Professor Political Geography, Islamic Azad University Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran.

چکیده

After the 2015 refugee crisis, the far right parties are not marginal anymore and they have become mainstream in most of the European countries. The present paper aims to (1) portray a perspective of the rise of the far right in Europe with emphasis on their characteristics specially Euroscepticism, nationalism and xenophobia (2) provide a summary for the main cause for the rise of the far right parties (3) to come to some further insights about their supporters and social base by analyses and review of the prior researches. In this article, we focus on immigration and refugee crises as the main reasons for the recent success of Far right parties in Europe, the study reveals that these parties benefited from the protest vote and rise of dissatisfaction among the citizen toward the ruling elites, however, the refugee crisis and arrival of foreign immigrants to Europe, and particularly Germany, and poor performance of traditional political left and right parties are among the main causes for their rise.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Rise of the Far Right parties in Europe: from Nationalism to Euroscepticism

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyed Nader Nourbakhsh 1
  • Seyyed Abbas Ahmadi 2
  • Qiuomars Yazdanpanah Dero 3
  • Abdolreza Faraji Rad 4
1 PhD Political Geography, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
2 Associate Professor of Political Geography, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor Political Geography, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
4 Associate Professor Political Geography, Islamic Azad University Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

After the 2015 refugee crisis, the far right parties are not marginal anymore and they have become mainstream in most of the European countries. The present paper aims to (1) portray a perspective of the rise of the far right in Europe with emphasis on their characteristics specially Euroscepticism, nationalism and xenophobia (2) provide a summary for the main cause for the rise of the far right parties (3) to come to some further insights about their supporters and social base by analyses and review of the prior researches. In this article, we focus on immigration and refugee crises as the main reasons for the recent success of Far right parties in Europe, the study reveals that these parties benefited from the protest vote and rise of dissatisfaction among the citizen toward the ruling elites, however, the refugee crisis and arrival of foreign immigrants to Europe, and particularly Germany, and poor performance of traditional political left and right parties are among the main causes for their rise.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Far right
  • migration
  • Europe
  • Euroscepticism
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