تبیین بنیادهای جغرافیایی صلح در خاورمیانه (مطالعه موردی: ایران، ترکیه و عربستان)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد جغرافیای سیاسی، دانشگاه خوارزمی

2 استادیار جغرافیای سیاسی، دانشگاه خوارزمی

3 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیای سیاسی، دانشگاه خوارزمی

چکیده

امنیت و به موازات آن همزیستی و صلح که از دیرپاترین موضوعاتی بوده که ذهن انسان را به خود مشغول کرده است، ضرورت برقراری آن در دوره مدرن و به‌طور ویژه در سده­ بیست و یکم بیش از هر زمانی برای خاومیانه­ غرق آشفتگی احساس می‌شود. این موضوع (یعنی صلح) تاکنون از ابعاد گوناگونی مورد توجه واقع شده، در این پیوند، پژوهش حاضر تلاشی علمی است تا برقراری صلح و همزیستی بین واحدهای سیاسی را از بعد تازه و آن هم جغرافیایی درمنطقه خاورمیانه و بین سه کشور ایران، ترکیه و عربستان مورد بررسی قرار دهد. پژوهش حاضر با رویکرد اسنادی وروش  توصیفی - تحلیلی  برای درک بهتر مسئله بنیادهای جغرافیایی مؤثر بر صلح را  بررسی کرده و سرانجام اقدام به تحلیل داده­ها کرده است. نتایج پژوهش گویای این مطلب است که جغرافیا؛ موقعیت جغرافیایی، بنیادهای فرهنگی، همسایگی و حتی ایدئولوژی را نیز به نوعی تعیّن می­دهد، جغرافیا همچنین نقاط قوت و ضعف را هم ‌شکل داده و مثلث (ایران، ترکیه و عربستان) مورد پژوهش را به سمت اهداف و منافع مشترک هدایت می‌کند. از این مرحله به بعد این سازه­های سیاسی هستند که با تشخیص درست خود باید اهداف و منافع مشترک را مشخص کنند و به سمت همزیستی و همگرایی و سرانجام صلح گام بردارند.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Explaining the Geographical Peace Foundations in the Middle East (Case Study: Iran, Turkey and Saudi Arabia)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Yadollah Karimipour 1
  • Hossein Rabiee 2
  • Ahamd Bazleh 3
1 Full Professor of Political Geography, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Political Geography, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
3 PhD Student of Political Geography, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction
Security and, in parallel, coexistence and peace, which are the longest themes that have
engulfed the mind of man, The necessity of establishing it in the modern period, and especially
in the twenty-first century, is more than ever felt for the sectarian empire. This theme (peace)
has been considered from various dimensions so far, In this connection, the present study seeks
to study peace and coexistence between political units in the new and the geographic area in
the Middle East and between the three countries of Iran, Turkey and Saudi Arabia.
Methodology
The present study examined the documentary approach and analytical descriptive method to better
understand the issue of geographically effective peacekeeping and eventually analyze data.
Findings
Geopolitical Effective Peace
1. Geographic location
Following the three great powers of the Middle East, Iran, Turkey and Saudi Arabia from a
maritime strategy can be a factor of political and peaceful convergence Therefore, geographic
time encompasses both the status of challenges and opportunities. But what matters is behavior
and policies that can be used to cope with the challenges and use its opportunities well.
2. Cultural foundations
Today, most neighboring countries and neighborhoods overlap in terms of human resource
interactions, culture and common religion.
3. Political organization of space
In the Middle East, how the political organization of space in the region and within the countries led
to the formation of Kurdish, Arabic and Armenian nationalism with the aim of opposing imposed
boundaries, which provided further areas for domestic and regional conflicts in the future.
4. Common Objectives
Apart from the specific purpose and specific interests of nations and nations that are causing
increasing competition and conflict between them, they share common goals such as peace,
sustainable development, the fight against poverty and injustice and discrimination. Which,
in order to achieve this goal, requires cooperation, assistance and collective effort, can
provide a foundation for cooperation between the studied political.
5. Mutual interests
Countries in a region face a wide range of topics and opportunities in the political, economic,
cultural, social, technological, environmental and other fields, including the appropriate areas and
sub-areas of which there are three major regional powers that share their interests. Being able to:
A) Growth in trade and commerce
B) regional unity nuclei
C) Regional security
D) Common Natural Resources
Ideology
The three powerful Muslim countries in the Middle East, in the midst of most of the neighboring
Middle East crises, have been struggling to address the ideology over the past decade. Meanwhile,
Iran and Saudi Arabia and Turkey have the greatest responsibility. These wars, slowly and without
victory, are wiped out after the country's forces and strength and efficiency, It will end: that is, as
always, the outcome of the competition here will be lost - will be lost.
Common Geographic Bottlenecks
Bottlenecks, such as waterfalls, freshwater scarcity, land and sea environmental pollution,
and more. provides cooperation for more countries.
Analysis
It is not possible to achieve comprehensive peace in the region, regardless of geography, so
it can be said that peace can have a geographical basis.
Geography determines the geographic location, cultural foundations, neighborhood, and
even ideology, so geography can form the strengths and weaknesses of the research triangle
(Iran, Turkey and Saudi Arabia) Leads to common goals and interests. From this stage
onwards, these are political structures that, by their proper discernment, must identify
common goals and interests, and move toward coexistence and convergence and ultimately
peace.
Conclusions
So, as far as the discussion is concerned, most of the platforms, backgrounds and indicators
for coexistence, cooperation, convergence and development of regional and global unions
and peace-making between Iran, Saudi Arabia and Turkey in geography are always available.
have been And what constitutes the leaders and political leadership of these three countries
toward fostering and peace-building in this region is not geography, but rather to a degree
influenced by their attitude towards the world, the identification of interests and goals, and
in particular the way Attitude towards Neighborhood.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Geography
  • Peace
  • the Middle East
  • Iran
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Turkey