عنوان مقاله [English]
With the Cold War winding, the signs of geopolitics have demonstrated that instability and security crisis in the Persian Gulf have increased. The breakout of the Second War in the Persian Gulf (1991), the US war against Afghanistan (2001) and occupation of Iraq (2003) have demonstrated that Saul Cohen’s shatter belt theory can be applied to the region. The countries in the Persian Gulf have faced this situation. These countries need building pluralistic security community, confidence-building regimes and transition from security deconstructions to make a stable regional security. The main question of the present paper is: How can the region pass through the challenges of shatter belt? The hypothesis of the present paper is: The region can pass through the challenges of shatter belt through developing a cooperative security pattern.
Besides reviewing the materialization of cooperative security, attempts have been made in the present paper to come up with indicators of shatter belt theory. Hence, it is proposed that multilateral participation of regional actors, increasing the capacity of reciprocation and evaluation of preventive diplomacy should be established among the region.