عنوان مقاله [English]
The phenomenon of ISIL as the latest covert of terrorism has expanded into new dimensions of the possibility of spreading brutal violence. This phenomenon is known as a new threat to existing order in three areas of territory, population and state type and making it an unpredictable phenomenon. Regardless of the necessity of designing for a post-conflict encounter with this flow, it should be for the existential reasons of such thinking, it began to face and collide at the same stage of the cause. Because unbridled terrorism, like ISIS, has had an unlimited reaction to its surroundings, which has turned it into a security hurdle, even for countries that are thousands of kilometers from its geographical range. Under these circumstances, it is likely that, by eliminating ISIL from the military and political equations of the world, yet due to lack of attention to the foundations of ISIS, other examples of this would lead to security crises in the world.
The method of research in this research has been based on the "historical method" and "descriptive method" due to the historical origins and dimensions of the formation of ISIS and its reaction to the phenomenon of the existing world order. The library method is used to collect data. And descriptive sections have also been analyzed.
ISIL's geopolitical efforts can be considered as an answer to the political economic performance of Central Asian countries towards marginalized countries, given the colonial and historical exploitation of the centuries and the lack of recognition of the cultural identity of the nations enclosed by the central powers. ISIL's phenomenon as an emerging trend has brought about great changes in the Middle East region, especially around the world. The question of this research is that from a geopolitical point of view, Isis's actions regarding the economic and cultural order - the identity created by the dominant and centralized countries, is analyzed? The findings of this study indicate that the geography of the birth and growth of ISIS is related to peripheral and exploited countries, especially in the Middle East, According to Wallerstein's theory of the Welshstein system and Taylor's identification policy, it can be said that ISIS is attempting, in the form of violent terrorism, to act as a "legitimate defense" and justify its geopolitical reaction in three areas of land and border, population and nation, and government and system Political among Sunni Muslims and Muslims with Sunni radical tendencies.