تبیین نقش دولت محلی در صلح سازی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته جغرافیای سیاسی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس ، تهران، ایران

2 استاد جغرافیای سیاسی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

چکیده

افزایش منازعات محلی این سوال را در ذهن ایجاد می​کند که نهاد دولت محلی چگونه می​تواند در ایجاد صلح در سطح محلی تأثیرگذار باشد. بر اساس تقسیم​بندی صلح از نظر کمیت، پایین​ترین نوع صلح، صلح محلی است و مسئول بنای صلح پایدار در سطح محلی، نهاد دولت محلی است. دولت محلی در ارتباط مستقیم و بلافصل با مردم محلی است و نسبت به شرایط محلی آگاهی کامل دارد و از مشروعیت و صلاحیت عمل بیشتری نسبت به دولت ملی در این زمینه برخوردار است. بخش اعظم ادبیات صلح در زمینه صلح محلی به نقش دولت محلی در مراحل حین و بعد از منازعه در زمینه صلح​سازی متمرکز است و خلاء ادبیاتی در زمینه نقش دولت محلی در صلح​سازی در مرحله قبل از منازعه وجود دارد. یافته​های مطالعات صلح در زمینه نقش دولت محلی در دو مقطع زمانی حین و بعد از منازعه نیز موردی می​باشند و تئوری​سازی در این زمینه صورت نگرفته است. بر این اساس، مقاله حاضر به بررسی نقش دولت محلی داخلی و فراملی در صلح محلی می­پردازد تا کمکی به رفع این خلاء تئوریکی بنماید. این مقاله بحث می​کند که دولت محلی می​تواند در ایجاد صلح در سه مرحله زمانی اشاره شده به ایفای نقش بپردازد و کارکردهای این نهاد در هر سه مقطع زمانی متفاوت است؛ هر چند که در جهت انجام این کار پیش​شرط​هایی نیز وجود دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Local State in Peace Building

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahdi Karimi 1
  • Mohammadreza Hafeznia 2
1 Ph.D Graduated of Political Geography, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2 Full Professor of Political Geography, Tarbiat Modares Univeristy, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The role of local states in peace building and prevention from violence has not yet received much attention. But, this perception is changed in recent years and national and international actors see local states as actors who can be effective in peace building. The nature of war has changed markedly in recent decades. While interstate wars have largely decreased, intrastate conflicts have dramatically increased. The new paradigm is “war amongst the people”. Most of armed conflicts are intrastate conflicts occurred in communities divided by ethnicity, language, religion and geography. The change in the number and characteristics of the conflicts increases in the potentiality of local states in peace building. Increase in local conflicts create this question that how local states can be effective in peace building? Based on the compartmentalization of peace, local peace is the lowest one in term of scale, and local state is responsible for perpetual peace in local scale. Local state is in direct relation with the public and has complete awareness to local situations and also is more legitimate and qualified than national state in this domain. The main part of peace literature in the domain of the role of local state in peace building refers to the role of local state in the phases of in-conflict and post-conflict, and the role of local state in pre-conflict phase is neglected. So, the research using descriptive-analytic method is intended to find an answer to the question that “how local state can contribute to peace building in local and international levels and how would be its functions”? This article argue that local state can contributes to peace building in the three pre-conflict, in-conflict and post-conflict phases and its functions are different in these eras by keeping some prerequisites.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Local state
  • Local conflicts
  • Local peace
  • Urban diplomacy
  • Peace building
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