محیط امنیتی ژئوپلتیک اسرائیل و دگرهای هویتی آن

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه روابط بین الملل دانشکده علوم انسانی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار روابط بینالملل دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

چکیده

مقاله حاضر با اشاره ضمنی به مفروضاتی درباره ویژگی های درون گفتمانی سازنده اسرائیل، مبتنی بر عناصر سازنده هویتی و چگونگی ایجاد دگر های هویتی در این جامعه، با استفاده از نظریه سازه انگاری و همچنین نگاه به ارتباط این عناصر با سرزمین موعود، نقش محیط امنیتی ژئوپلتیک اسرائیل را با توجه به شرایط خاص تاریخی و جغرافیایی این واحد سیاسی بر تشدید دگر سازی در اسرائیل و گفتمان هویتی حاکم برآن مورد بررسی قرار داده و در این راستا به پردازش اجمالی دگر های اسرائیل در منطقه و سیاست امنیتی این رژیم پرداخته، و تأثیر آن بر سیاست خارجی این رژیم را مورد بررسی قرار داده است. با توجه به خاص بودن و بسته بودن جامعه اسرائیل که تحت سیطره گفتمان ایدئولوژیک جدا سازنده و غیریت ساز یهودیت افراطی قرار دارد، سؤال اصلی این نوشتار این است: محیط امنیتی اسرائیل چگونه در غیریت سازی هویتی آن تأثیر گذاشته؟ و این تأثیر به چه صورتی بوده است؟ فرضیه مقاله هم این است که محیط خاص امنیتی پیرامون اسرائیل اگر چه نقش اصلی را در تصمیمات و رفتارهای دگر سازانه اسرائیل بازی نکرده، لیکن در تقویت این رفتار دگرسازانه بسیار مؤثر بوده و رفتار خاص اسرائیل در محیط خارجی و اتخاذ تصمیمات سیاست خارجی خاص را رقم زده است. اگرچه چارچوب نظری این مقاله نظریه سازه انگاری است، لیکن از رهنمود های واقع گرایانه نیز استفاده شده است. روش به گار گرفته شده در این مقاله نیز تحلیلی-تاریخی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Geopolitical Security Environment of Israel and its Identical Others

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hamed Faghihzadeh Gorji 1
  • Mohsen Eslami 1
  • Mohammad Hossein Jamshidi 2
1 Department of International Relations, Faculty Human Science, University of Tarbiat modares, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of International Relations, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

This paper by implicit reference to hypothesis about the characteristics of internal constructive discourse of Israel, based on identical elements and how to create identical others at this society, by using constructivism theory and looking in to relations between these elements and promised land, has been considered the role of geopolitical security environment of Israel due to special historical and geographical situation of this political unit to intensification other building in Israel and its ruling identical discourse and in this regard has overview to Israeli others in region and its security politics, and also has been considered its influence on foreign policy of this regime. According to being special and close society of Israel which is under domination of separative and disjunctive ideological radical Judaism, the main question of this paper is : how the security environment has been influenced on its disjunctive and isolating identity? And how has this effect been? The hypothesis of this paper is although the special security environment of Israel has not been play the main role in decisions and behaviors of other-making of Israel, but it has influenced on reinforcement of these kind of behaviors and has resulted in appearance of special behavior of Israel in foreign sphere and special foreign policy decisions making. Although the theoretical framework of this paper is constructivism theory but it also uses realistic guidelines. The method is used in this paper is analytical-historical.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Israel
  • Security environment
  • Geopolitics
  • other-making
  • constructivism

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