تحلیل ژئواکونومیکی سیاست خارجی چین

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار روابط بین الملل، دانشگاه تهران

2 دانش آموخته روابط بین الملل، دانشگاه تهران

3 استادیار جغرافیای سیاسی. دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

چکیده

از آنجایی که اقتصاد یک عامل تعیین کننده در سیاست خارجی چین به شمار می رود و با توجه تغییر ماهیت رقابتها در ساختار رقابتی جهان کنونی حول محول مناسبات اقتصادی این مقاله به دنبال تجزیه و تحلیل سیاست خارجی چین بر اساس تحولات جدید از منظر ژئواکونومیکی می باشد. از زمان آغاز دوره اصلاحات، این عامل نیروی محرکه رشد و توسعه چین به شمار می رود. در نتیجه، سیاست مشارکت سازنده با دنیای خارج، به ویژه پیشرفته، به نقطه تمرکز سیاست خارجی چین تبدیل شده است. با این حال،  با کاهش رشد اقتصادی چین از آغاز سال های 2010، رهبران کشور به منظور حفظ رشد اقتصادی و جلوگیری از تله "درآمد متوسط"، "وابستگی به مصرف داخلی" بر "مدل سرمایه گذاری خارجی" تأکید کردند. این تحولات پیامدهای مهمی برای سیاست خارجی داشته  چین در بر داشته است. مهمترین بازنمودهای سیاست خارجی اقتصاد پایه را می توان در گزاره های ذیل خلاصه کرد: حفظ و حتی تقویت تعهدات چین به موسسات مالی موجود؛ تاکید بر نقش بازار؛ تمرکز بر آسیا؛ تقویت روابط اقتصادی با شرق و غرب جغرافیایی آسیا؛ ایجاد موسسات و طرح های چندجانبه اقتصادی جدید و همچنین تلاش برای حفظ و تقویت روابط اقتصادی با ایالات متحده که توسط دونالد ترامپ با فشار مواجهه  بوده است. روش به کار گرفته شده در مقاله توصیفی – تحلیلی بوده و منابع مورد استفاده نیز بیشتر ماهیت کتابخانه ای و اینترنتی دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Geoe-conomic Analysis of China's Foreign Policy

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abumohammad Asgarkhani 1
  • Mohammad Javad Ghahramani 2
  • Mostafa Ghaderi Hajat 3
1 Associate Professor of International Relations, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
2 – PHD in International Relations, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
3 Associate Professor of Political Geography, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The economy is a decisive factor in China's foreign policy. Since the beginning of the reform era, this factor has been the driving force behind China's growth and development. Consequently, the policy of constructive engagement with the outside world, especially the advanced ones, became the focus of its foreign policy. However, since the beginning of the 2010s, China's economic growth has slowed down. Consequently, the country's leaders emphasized the "reliance on domestic consumption" and "outside investment" models in order to maintain the economic growth and preventing the "middle income trap".These developments have had important implications for foreign policy. The most important foreign policy manifestations of them are: to preserve and even strengthen China's commitments to existing financial institutions; to emphasize the role of the market; focusing on Asia;  to strengthen economic relations with East Asia and its geographic West; creating new multilateral economic institutions and initiatives, as well as efforts to maintain and strengthen economic relations with the United States, which has been under pressure during Donald Trump. Therefore, this study is seeking to examine a geo-economic analysis of China's foreign policy based on these new developments.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Geo-economy
  • Foreign Policy
  • China

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