عنوان مقاله [English]
Sea power is one most important facets of states’ national power. Sea power is not considered properly in evaluating national power, because it includes different factors. Sea power is the only facet of national powers that can be presented in different water bodies, and do not suffer from land and air powers limitations. Sea power is formed from different factors like geographic-territorial, social, economic, political, diplomatic and military. Geographic and territorial situation of sea states is the most important factor in their sea power, and all of the other factors depends on this factor. This article investigates the role of geographic and territorial situation in states sea power by taking descriptive- analytic method and using library findings. The data analysis procedure is based on qualitative method. Geographic and territorial situation of sea states includes the length (up to 200 nautical miles) of shore and some other territorial features. Sea access, the nature of the coastal zone (properties of the coastal zone), territorial scope and area of the country, maritime zones, connection to Sea lines of communication (straits, channels etc.) islands (residential and non-residential), are the most important factors related to the geographic and territorial factor. These factors are investigated in this article. Beside of the importance of each factor, the nature of the coastal zone is important than other geographic and territorial factors. In other words, the nature of the coastal zone characterizes the abilities and limitations of the states’ sea power.