بازتاب تاریخ و مؤلفه‎های تاریخی در‎ پارادایم‏ها و اندیشه‏های جغرافیای سیاسی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه جغرافیا، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، بیرجند، ایران، دانشگاه بیرجند

2 دکتری جغرافیای سیاسی، دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

از دیرباز رابطه‏ای عمیق و پیچیده میان تاریخ و جغرافیا وجود داشته است. امروزه نیز اغلب زیرشاخه‎های علم جغرافیا نیازمند توجه به عامل تاریخ هستند. از زمان ابداع اصطلاح جغرافیای سیاسی، رابطه‏ای عمیق میان رشتۀ جغرافیای سیاسی با تاریخ وجود داشته اما تبیین این رابطه کمتر موردتوجه جغرافیدانان سیاسی قرار گرفته است. مقاله حاضر که از نوع تحقیقات بنیادی-نظری است، با استفاده از روش توصیفی-تحلیلی به بررسی تأثیر عامل «تاریخ» و «مولفه‏های تاریخی»، در ساخت جغرافیای سیاسی می‎پردازد. نتایج تحقیق نشان می‏دهد که چگونگی استفاده از عامل تاریخ و مؤلفه‏های تاریخی و هدف از توجه به آنها در پارادایم‏ها و دیدگاه‏های فکری-فلسفی وارد شده به رشتۀ جغرافیای سیاسی، متفاوت بوده است. عامل تاریخ در اندیشه‏های ارائه شده در قریب به اتفاق دیدگاه‏های وارد شده به رشتۀ جغرافیای سیاسی نقشی پررنگ داشته است، به گونه‏ای که با حذف عامل تاریخ، بسیاری از تحلیل‏های ارائه شده در جغرافیای سیاسی ناقص خواهند بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Reflection of History and Historical Factors in the Paradigms and Thoughts of Political Geography

نویسندگان [English]

  • omran rasti 1
  • Fatemeh sadat Mirahmadi 2
1 Department of Geography, Faculty of literature and humanities, Birjand. Iran. University of Birjand
2 Ph. D of Political Geography, University of Tehran
چکیده [English]

Through time, there has been a deep and complex relationship between history and geography. Today also most sub-branches of geography need to take history into consideration. In the meantime, since the invention of the term political geography, there has been a deep relationship between the discipline of political geography and history. However, explanation of this relationship has less been attempted by political geographers. The present study is a theoretical basic research which uses analytic-descriptive approach to investigate the impact of “history” and “historical factors” on the making of political geography. The results indicate that the way history and historical factors are used and the goals pursued by taking them into account in the paradigms and philosophical-intellectual views imparted into political geography have been different. History has played a major role in the thoughts offered in almost all views and approaches of political geography so that by removing this factor, many of the analyses in political geography would be incomplete.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • History
  • Historical Factors
  • Political Geography
  • Geopolitcs
  • philosophical-intellectual views
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