عنوان مقاله [English]
Investigating the studies in this area shows some ambiguity and lack of proper conceptualization of the border region. On the other hand, there has been no work on the extent and zoning of the border area that can be considered. Accordingly, the present study, using descriptive and analytical method, using library data and questionnaires, while conceptualizing the border area, tries to identify the parameters that form the border area. The results of the present study indicate that the concept of border area is the immediate geographical space of border lines with different extents that are directly affected by the boundaries. Content analysis and hierarchical analysis (AHP) have been used for interpretation. Prioritization results also show that having a natural link with the border, low investment in the region (for security reasons, etc.), having a ethnic link with the border, the impact of communication policy on the countries border has historical links beyond the border, the actors' life mix with the border, a vastly agreed-upon area, and finally the front line of attack and war, were selected the most effective parameters to shape the border region.