نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
استادیار جغرافیای سیاسی دانشگاه مراغه
عنوان مقاله [English]
Theories of seapower have always been debated in the academia and the military. The end of the twentieth century and the early twenty-first century witnessed remarkable transformations in the military, maritime, and national strategies of states, the geopolitics of seas, and the international and economic orders. The maritime forces of a nation should therefore be in tandem with these developments. Nowadays, a purely military approach to maritime forces is not considered consonant with the multiple purposes of states and the national and maritime strategies thereof. as the elements and factors involved, or as a model. Adopting a descriptive-analytical approach and using meta-analysis, this study attempts to devise a theoretical model that contains the factors and elements involved in a seapower. It will put forth a critique and assessment of the theories in the light of their structure and content. The aim of the present research is foundational and applied. Following an appraisal of the models and theories of seapower, a model of seapower consisting of seven main elements is proposed. They include economic, military, political and institutional (be it domestic or international), humanitarian and societal, geographical and territorial, geopolitical, technological, maritime infrastructure and IT—each one of which further divides into sub-elements. Informed by both subjective and objective factors, these seven elements do interact with each other, which renders isolating them almost impossible; that is to say, seapower is the output of indiscrete items.