نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیای سیاسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات
2 دانشیار جغرافیای سیاسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات
3 استادیار جغرافیای سیاسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات
عنوان مقاله [English]
Religions are one of the major forces in the world today and have a special ability to create "systemic change". They motivate their followers and as a key variable allow new players appear in the global arena. Furthermore, religious motivations, from past to present, are effective factor for forming armed movements such as Islamic fundamentalist groups. Middle East area due to the disparate political boundaries, Baathist , nationalist and Arab attitudes , Islamist movements and human conflicts on the one hand, and the presence of extra-regional activists, on the other hand, was the place for evolving and organizing of the Islamic fundamentalist groups. This research seeks to use the realistic approaches and identity and to answer the following question: Did religious ideas and constructing a new identity based on them make Islamic fundamentalist groups organize their activities in the region? Results show that the religious ideas, which has been turned into an ideology, has made regional activists use of religion for political goals and objectives and this is one of the techniques of fundamentalist groups in the Middle East. As a result, using existing platforms, regional and trans-regional activists have been able to organize fundamentalist groups. It is predicted that these ideological conflicts will change geopolitical balance of the region geopolitically which will also have some global consequences.