نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 ـ دانشیار روابط بینالملل، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان
2 - دانشجوی دکتری روابط بینالملل، دانشگاه تهران، تهران
3 - دانشآموخته کارشناسی زبان انگلیسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد خوراسگان
عنوان مقاله [English]
The clarification of the present situation in the relations of large powers including the United States, Russian Federation, China, European Union, and India is implying a new cold war in geopolitical, political, economic and military aspects which the member countries of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), led by USA, have against the member countries of Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), led by China and Russia. The new cold war includes all aspects of the relationships of Eastern Powers with Western countries and In the first place the political relations between Russia and US worsen up. To find the emerging signs of the new cold war in the beginning of the third AD Millennium, the main part of the focus is on geopolitical areas of central Eurasia, Eastern Europe and Middle East. Among these signs the following could be mentioned; Moscow Vs. Washington arms race as the US missile defense shield in the former Soviet Union satellites and the exit of Russia from the conventional forces in Europe, the development of NATO to the east and middle east districts, the Russian-American confrontation over Balkan and the independency of Kosovo, Russian aggression to Georgia and the NATO’s reaction; concerns of the west due to the Russian dominance on the energy sources and Moscow’s endeavor to employ this as a political tool, and also the disagreement between the White House, European capitals and Peking and Moscow over Iran’s nuclear power profile.