نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 ـ استاد جغرافیای سیاسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی
2 - دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیای سیاسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Determining the status of a country requires assessment and calculation of the various scientific, economic, social, and political components and factors and comparing them with other countries. Calculating all of these factors can show the level of national power and the development of a country on regional and international levels.
One of the advancement factors is the development of gender indices of countries, and one of the indices of gender development is the status of seats in parliaments held by women. Gender indices in Middle East countries determine the place of women in each country in relation to others. The knowledge pertaining to this ratio shows the increase of democracy and the development of women in these countries.
This paper is the result of a research on measuring the condition of women in parliaments of Middle East countries. In this paper the aim is to present a method and model for measuring the condition of women in regard to their presence in parliaments in the Middle East region. The method used in this research is descriptive-analytic and using the method of multi-level sampling and by determining the current place of the countries in relation to one another, their place in 2025 is predicted based on indices of gender development and through techniques of analyzing time series models.
The result shows that Iran stands 15th among 22 Middle East countries in 2025 based on women’s presence in the parliament. Of course the predicted difference of Iran’s index with seven countries of the region was small and it is expected that with minor changes in the indices of Iran and the region, Iran's rank will rise to 8.